Kamasan is a village located in the district of Klungkung, Klungkung Regency, Bali. Kamasan is very well known in the world of Balinese art, for a variety of traditional paintings taken from the Kamasan style, inspired from Java. Until the 18th century, a number of king Bali harness Kamasan artists. In addition to painting, another art that developed in Kamasan are dance, music, puppets, crafting gold and silver. When painters mostly living in Banjar Sangging, many craftsmen living in Banjar Pandemas.
Kamasan as a center for the development of traditional painting and sculpture classic Bali is the name of a village in the district and Klungkung Regency. Kamasan village is geographically including lowland villages close to the beach Klotok or Jumpai beach approximately 3 km.
Kamasan Village is located in the Klungkung District, Klungkung Regency, Bali. Its location is about 43 km from the Denpasar city or about 90 minutes from Ngurah Rai International Airport by using a motor vehicle. While from the Semarapura City is only about 2 km away and from Klotok beach approximately about 3 km or 10 minutes away.
Kamasan Village also famous as a center of industry kepeng coins, the ancient money are hole in the middle and contains the ancient letters on the edges. This money was used as currency / a means of exchange in the era of kingdom, and today is still used as a means of worship and art objects for their collection.
This village name has been mentioned since in 1072. In the Balinese language, Kamasan means “good seeds”. Kamasan village itself has long been famous as a center of art in Klungkung Regency and become a tourist attraction of foreign and domestic tourists who want to find art works of the original artists of Bali. One of the typical painting Kamasan who ever appeared in a Hollywood movie was in the film “3 Days to Kill” starring Kevin Costner. Art paintings are typical of Kamasan visible in the living room apartment of Ethan’s wife in Paris – France.
Mention the name of Kamasan village, Klungkung, then our mind will be on the canvas decorated with figures of the puppet. Kamasan is already very identical with classic Balinese traditional painting puppet. From generation to generation, Kamasan people seriously conserve the artistic his ancestral heritage. In fact, many Kamasan people are depends their livelihood from the artistic activity.
Kamasan is a community artist traditional painting. So intimate and so long development of traditional painting, the artists described the results of the painting there has style (style) of its own, namely traditional painting Kamasan. In the real, art talent grows on other works of art in the form of gold and silver sculpture and the last one is the sculpture of bullets. Although in terms of the material used metal color fabric to follow the changes but his trademark still visible in the theme of the paintings or carvings that illustrates puppet characters.
The origins of painting traditional wayang Kamasan style, according to I Made Kanta (1977), is a continuation from the tradition of painting Wong-Wongan (people and nature around) in the pre-history until the entry of Hinduism in Bali and the expertise to get the opportunity to develop well, The story which painted Kamasan style which many contain elements of art and philosophical meaning taken from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. One example of legacy Kamasan paintings has adorned the ceiling at Taman Gili and Kerthagosa, the Semarapura, Klungkung.
In the galleries of the painting you can see artist masterpieces of Bali’s most talented from the various streams of art in Bali, whether Classical Kamasan Style, Classical Batuan Style, Ubud Traditional Style, Pengosekan Traditional Style, Naïve Style or Young Artist, Modern style, and the works of Western painters or other Indonesian painters are taking the theme from the Balinese life.
Kamasan painting style also called Classical Kamasan Painting Style because this style of painting is derived from the golden age of ancient Balinese kingdom that has not been influenced by Europe or other outside influences. The theme usually comes from a fairy tale about the life of the gods, life among the nobility and tales of animals or Tantric. There is rarely a classic painting about the life of common people. The colors are usually taken from the natural color, for example white color are used bones crushed, for the black color are used charcoal, for the blue color are used grass Taum, for the red color used wood shavings Sunti, while yellow taken from the Hazelnut oil, who then mixed with an adhesive so can stick on the canvas. Classical Kamasan painting style using only two dimensions, long and wide, there is no perspective so far or near invisible, while the object being painted to look like a puppet, a flat without a viewpoint (perspective) or depth. Kamasan’s painter Classical Style who famous now they are Mangku Mura and I Nyoman Mandra.
The painting is very similar to Classical Kamasan Style is the Classic Batuan Style, the difference is that the media and dye paintings Classic Batuan Style usually use paper for drawing media, and as a dye they usually wear a Chinese ink because the opposite effect between light and dark is very highlighted. Now besides Chinese ink also widely used other colors besides black and white. Another characteristic is this painting is prioritizing the details until the smallest detail so that it seems very complicated to make it. Classical Batuan Paintings Style usually describes Balinese folklore, fairy tales about the people and so on so it requires an understanding of people’s trust in Bali to understand the theme of his paintings.
However, the young painters like I Made Budi, many drawing outside the traditional theme; even the themes are very up-to-date which is painted like a tourist surfing in the sea, the arrival of President Ronald Reagan in Bali, and others. The arrival of Western artists many influences the style of painting which appeared since 1930 in Bali, which became known as Ubud Traditional Style and Pengosekan Traditional Style. The theme has touched ordinary people or the events of daily life, for example the atmosphere in a village market, a religious ceremony at the temple, farmers work in the fields, and so on. The colors used are modern colors manufactured in various colors. The resulting paintings are three-dimensional painting which already takes into account the perspective. The famous painters Ubud Traditional Style are Anak Agung Made Sobrat and I Dewa Nyoman Batuan.