The Uniqueness of The Kehen Temple

Kehen Temple is located Cempaga village, Bangli, in a strategic area with a fresh and cool atmosphere, and therefore besides Kintamani, Kehen Temple also became one of the attractions in Bangli regency. Located about 2 km from the city of Bangli, 50 km from the city of Denpasar or about 75 minutes by motor vehicle from Ngurah Rai Airport. Where Kehen Temple is located in the south Bukit Bangli, in Pakuwon environment. Around the temple named Pakuwon, which is a small village complex on the northeastern tip of the town of Bangli. Kehen Temple stood very majestic and high terraces facing south.

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The history of Kehen Temple is the Ancient temple, which contained three inscriptions bronze (Tambra Inscription). The three inscriptions that have been read by Dr. P.V. van Stein Callenfels, in 1926. Kehen Temple structure consists of three courtyard, namely nista mandala, madya mandala, and utama mandala. function of Kehen Temple can be divided into seven functions there are:
(1) Function of Religious;
(2) Social Function;
(3) The function of education;
(4) The function of culture;
(5) Political Affairs;
(6) Economic Affairs;
(7) The function of Recreation.

Kehen Temple was built during the megaliths in Bali, evidenced by the sacred stone, stone statues, and terraces punden. This kahyangan jagat Temple, is very unique because different with other sacred buildings,on the entrance of the temple use kurung temple do not use temple bentar such as in general. Bale Kulkul built with building positions higher, here is made uniquely placed on the banyan tree which is hundreds of years old. Kehen Temple has many unique. Where the temple Kehen has an entrance the entrance of the temple Kehen not use Bentar temple such as on Temple kahyangan jagat in general. but the entrance of the temple Temple Kehen use Kurung temple. In addition there Bale Kulkul on banyan tree trunk give another uniqueness of Kehen Temple in Bangli.

In front of Temple Kehen, There are temples Penyimpenan and in the temple that is is kept three inscriptions whose contents related to the existence of the Kehen temple. At Kehen Temple have been found three inscriptions about Kehen Temple, but the inscription can not be sure when exactly the temple Kehen established, and what is the origins of the name Kehen itself. It is said that the origin of Pura Kehen based inscriptions issued by the king of Sri Adikuntiketana. Kehen temple name is “Hyang Kehen”.

Hyang Kehen and Hyang Api have an identical meaning because the word “Kehen” comes from the word “keren” is the fire place called Anglo. The word “keren” is what changed into Kehen, so-called Pura Kehen. The temple is located on high ground and terraced which divides into several areas. The first to fifth terrace is the outdoor courtyard, terrace sixth is a central courtyard, to enter this area through Kurung temple flanked by two Bentar Temple on eastern tip and the west. Seventh terrace is a second central courtyard. To enter into this area through the temple Bentar. Terrace to eight is an area jeroan. To enter into this area through the temple Bentar with undag of high. In the temple complex there Kehen palinggih 43 pieces which is located spread out.

Kehen Temple structure consists of three areas. The first area is called Nista Mandala is often called Jaba Sisi (outside area). Mandala is a symbol of nature under (bhur loka). In the area of nista mandala, There are several buildings pelinggih (sacred building) which is as follows. There is Bale Gong, Pelinggih sacred stone, the Great Bale, Bale Kulkul.

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Second Mandala called madya mandala is often called jaba tengah. This section separates the nista mandala with the main mandala. In the area of of madya mandala, there are several buildings pelinggih (sacred building) which is as follows such as Bale Pasangkepan, Puppet Bale, Bale Semar Pegulingan, Pelinggih Batara Sakti Queen Mas Subandar.
Perantenan area, the building is located at southwest of madya mandala in the area perantenan. Perantenan function as a place to prepare for the ceremony and prepare food offerings for penangkil and pengayah who helped activities at Kehen Temple. Pewaregan Bale, Bale Pewaregan itself functions as a place for pengayah, pemedek, or penangkil take food and drink that provided by the temple organizers because most of them their homes away from the location of the temple.

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Third Mandala is called utama mandala is often called jeroan. This section is the the most holy (sacred). Building pelinggih (holy building) that contained in utama mandala area namely Bale Penglipuran, Pelinggih Batara Sakti Majambul Pasek, Pelinggih Batara Sakti Gede Penyarikan, Bale Pesandekan Penyineban temple located in the south Kehen Temple. Penyineban temple serves to store inscriptions.

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There is an interesting story about the existence of a banyan tree at the temple Kehen this Bangli,if one of the broken branch it is believed something disaster will happen, as events that had ever happened the death of King Bangli, Priest and also some people in the community. So that people see it as something unique, religious and mystical, is believed hereditary until now.

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The uniqueness Kehen Temple located on the entrance of the temple is not using Bentar Temple such as at kahyangan jagat Temple in general. Entrance of the Temple Kehen is different, namely use temple Kurung. In addition, the existence of Bale Kulkul at banyan tree trunk helped another color for Kehen Temple which is became one of the major tourism attraction in the the city of Bangli.

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In addition, local people strongly believe if the breakage of the banyan tree contained in temple as a sign of grubug (catastrophe). It is concluded from events which is ever happened from generation to generation. Not only that, the location of the broken parts are also believed to be a sign that disaster will strike a particular person. For example, when the king Bangli died, banyan tree limb that is located in Kaja Kangin (North-East) broken. Then if there are priest who died, the banyan tree limb next to Kaja Kauh (Southwestern) was broken. Whereas if the broken part located in Kelod Kangin (Northeast) and Kelod Kauh (Southeast) it is believed there will be calamities that befall the society.

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